Topic 1 Basics of Colors

Basic Color Theory

A fundamental understanding of colors will benefit everyone’s perspective for the world to no end. Of course, this isn’t a definitive science. There are three basic categories of color theory that are logical and useful: the color wheel, color harmony, and the context of how colors are used. A color wheel or color circle (pic1) is an abstract illustrative organization of color hues around a circle, which shows the relationships between primary colors, secondary colors, tertiary colors etc. (pic 2, 3)

  • Three Primary Colors: Red, Yellow, Blue.
  • Three Secondary Colors: Orange, Green, Violet.
  • Six Tertiary Colors: Red-Orange, Yellow-Orange, Yellow-Green, Blue-Green, Blue-Violet, Red-Violet, which are formed by mixing a primary with a secondary.

Color Wheel

In visual experiences, harmony is something that is pleasing to the eye. It engages the viewer and it creates an inner sense of order, a balance in the visual experience. Colors in harmony produce consonant and eye-pleasing contrasts that are used in various projects, from websites to logos to interior design. You can create harmonious color schemes by placing these geometric shapes on top of the color wheel and adjusting saturation and brightness as needed. Or use nature and the color wheel to create your own color palette.

Creating your own color schemes can be a bit intimidating. But it’s not as complicated as many people think. Creating palettes could be fun and easy as well. You just have to look around, it’s all there.